Posted on

Symptoms Indicative of Cystic Fibrosis And How To Get Relief

Cystic Fibrosis is an inherited recessive genetic disorder that causes excess secretion of thick mucus that serve as blockage in lungs and pancreas, posing a threat to life. Since this is a genetic disorder, it manifests early in children by affecting their respiratory tract, digestive system and in the form of excess salt in sweat.

Inheritance of cystic fibrosis

The main symptoms are breathlessness, wheezing, lung infections and inflamed nasal passages in the respiratory system. Digestive system symptoms include poor growth, intestinal blockage, constipation and foul smelling stools. The pancreas are also affected affecting insulin and blood sugar control. Despite these, it is possible for those with cystic fibrosis to live and enjoy life provided they take a few precautions.

Since excessive secretion of thick mucus blocks cell walls and prevents enzyme action, nutrition is one of the keys to normal lifestyles. High calorie diet with fat soluble vitamins, high fiber and extra salt must be part of the nutrition program for those with CF. In addition, if you have CF, you must drink a lot of fluids to thin mucus in the lungs and intestines. The immune system is weakened and those with CF must go in for vaccines and immunization while taking care of hygiene to prevent infections.

cystic fibrosis signs and symptoms

Exercises are necessary to keep heart and lungs strong. Those with CF must also keep away from polluted environments since smoke and dust particles affect breathing. Doctors may prescribe medication to thin mucus and bronchodilators but lifestyle changes and therapies also play a contributing role to keep you comfortable. It is also good to have a breathing devices, inflatable vest and chest clappers.

Beside the medical cystic fibrosis treatment, you can use some herbs that reduce inflammation and help to clear mucus, such as: cayenne, ginger, hyssop, mullein, boswellia, pineapple enzymes, garlic and peppermint. Vitamin E and halotherapy (salt therapy) or breathing in fine particles of salt are home remedies that prove helpful in providing relief and improve breathing. 

 

Posted on

Physiotherapy for Relief in Shortness of Breath

Shortness of breath or dyspnea can be temporary, intermittent or chronic depending on underlying medical conditions. Asthma, obstructions in air passages, heart trouble, cancer, allergies,bronchitis, COPD, emphysema, neuromuscular conditions, pneumonia and pulmonary hypertension are a few of the causes. A doctor examines you thoroughly and recommends lab tests to determine causes before prescribing medication. For patients with severe or even moderate underlying medical conditions, the pharmacological route is the best.

dyspnea causes and treatment

Pharmacological intervention may be accompanied with physiotherapy to bring still greater relief to those affected with shortness of breath. A physiotherapist teaches the patient how to breathe and slow down rate of respiration. A patient learns how to relax, sit right and pace themselves when they walk or exercise. Air is taken in gently and let out slowly in a natural way, the patient taking deeper breaths each time he practices. Patients learn to visualize themselves as being in a relaxed state while engaged in breathing practice.

A few precautionary measures are also taught such as avoiding bending down, eating too much and reducing weight besides remaining in a calm environment. Other techniques taught to patients are practical such as to pull objects, not push them, slide heavy objects instead of lifting them and avoid hot or cold showers. By suitable planning of exercises or day to day activities, onset of dyspnea can be avoided in those most prone to it.

Results show that practical physiotherapy sessions can make a lot of difference to the quality of life of an individual suffering from dyspnea and should be a part of the therapeutic process.

Posted on

Time to Avail the Best Ear Infection Treatment for Your Help

The main aim of this article is to help people know various reasons behind ear infections. Moreover, you will come to know more about a different Ear infection treatment, and the best medications for use.

Whenever someone is concern about an ear related infection, it is always advisable to go for a checkup. Ear infections can be defined as a common problem, especially during childhood, but not only, and untreated correctly, and having recursive episodes, it might lead to some negative impact on future health. In general, doctors might prescribe antibiotic medication, but there are other times, when you have to face more than a mere prescribed drugs. The main reason for external ear infection is due to germs and bacteria, in the air or swimming pools. In other cases, a cold or flu caused by bacteria or viruses can be the cause of an ear infection. No matter how much you try to protect your ear, you might get hold of ear infections, at any point of time.

natural ear infection treatment

Not all earache is an infection – There are times, when you might be suffering from earaches. However, make it a point to remember that all earache is not infections. The cold congestion can also clogged the interior portion of ears and secretions can be trapped in the middle ear causing otitis media. Otitis media treatment usually involves antibiotics but maintaining a good hygiene is also essential to prevent recurring. On the other hand, especially in children, tooth ache can also create pain in their ears. Therefore, you need to go for a thorough checkup first, before applying any ear infection drug medications.

Not all bacteria is to be blamed – There are some infections, which are caused by viruses. These are also quite responsible for causing cold and fever. As per mere human knowledge, people generally think that higher fever and inflamed eardrum can indicate bacteria. Well, this is not always the case. However, even if a person is not affected with fever, still he might land up with ear infection.

Taking help of cleaning methods – Taking antibiotics cannot be defined as a single way to treat any kind of ear infections. There are some side effects as well, like rashes, vomiting tendency, stomach aches and more, if you land up having too much antibiotics, for clearing out ear infections. Therefore, it is always advisable to go for other natural ear infection treatments and solutions. The first and foremost step towards prevention of such infection is clearing your ears on a regular basis, with the help of ear buds. However, when clearing your ears of earwax take into consideration that the earwax has antibacterial and antiseptic properties, so the wax should be removed only from the outside part of the ear canal and not too deep into the external ear canal.

Choosing the right buds for use – Make sure to take help of those ear buds, which are made out of soft cotton covers. It is preferable to go for the medicated products, where the cottons are sterilized with some medicines. 

Posted on

Emphysema: Its Risk Factors

We know smoking is injurious to health. It causes severe lung injury and increases its vulnerability to different types of infections. A smoking induced disease is emphysema. In emphysema the air becomes trapped in the lung air sacs, damaging and enlarging them further. Emphysema is part of the COPD – Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease group.

damage in emphysema

The symptoms of this lung disorder often remain non-acute, but chronic. People suffering from emphysema have respiratory discomfort, difficulty when exhaling, and recurrent lung infections. Symptoms are slowly progressing and therefore often remain undetected in the first stage. Learning about emphysema risk factors will better protect you from this lung disease.

Emphysema Risk Factors

Tobacco smoking – cigarette smokers are at great risk of developing emphysema; however, those who smoke pipe or cigar are not spared either. It only depends on the genetic make-up and the number of years under the addiction.

Aging increases the risk  –  vitamin D production decreases in elders and it was proved to have a great impact on healthy lungs.

Exposure to passive smoking – people who are regularly exposed to passive smoking are also at great risk of developing emphysema.

Occupational exposure to harmful fumes – people who are working in polluted environments are also at risk; regular exposure to fumes of cotton, mining products, paint, silica, grain or woods may increase the risk of emphysema.

Exposure to pollution –  regular and high-degree exposure to harmful pollutants like fumes of fuel, car emission, coal fumes, dust and grime.

To stay healthy and avoid chronic respiratory diseases such as emphysema, asthma, COPD and others, using home salt therapy is a good start. The salt aerosol helps in strengthening the respiratory mucosa to allergens. It also helps to clean the pollutants from the respiratory system. Maintaining a good hygiene on the respiratory tract is a priority today!

Posted on

COPD – Know the Common Triggers

COPD – Know the Common Triggers Causing the Disease

COPD is a common respiratory problem. For some reasons, infliction of this respiratory disease has become a common incident these days and women are found more vulnerable than men in general. Sometimes the indications of this disease are asymptomatic; however sometimes the problem of COPD gets arrested not long since its induction. Early detection of this disease is possible once you know the risk factors and other allied reasons causing this health disorder.

Copd  

Causes of COPD – the major risk factors

COPD is medically termed as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is mostly a kind of lifestyle disease; rather we can say some unhygienic lifestyle issues may cause COPD. Certain personal habits or impact of environment may increase the chance of infliction of COPD.

  • Chain tobacco smokers are found in high risk category of COPD,
  • Those who suffer from the adverse effect of passive smoking often can get COPD,
  • Frequent exposure to coal and wood smoke may also cause COPD,
  • Patients with chronic problem of hyper sensitivity of respiratory track often become the victims of COPD disease.

Withdrawal from these unhygienic conditions as well as strict avoidance of the risk factors can be a fair solution for reducing the risk of developing COPD.

Other than these lifestyle factors, people with deficiency of alpha-1 antitrypsin are found vulnerable to this respiratory disease.  Due to this deficiency, the elasticity of lung tissues is badly affected and contributes to COPD.

Causes of COPD – Other allied health reasons

There are some other health disorders which may initiate the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a patient. According to extensive study and research on the COPD causes, it has been detected that at least there are three non-generic health disorders that may increase the chance of developing COPD in an individual.

Any type of infectious lung disease that is not properly treated and is prolonged may induce the symptoms of COPD in a patient.

Emphysema is one of the allied diseases under the COPD umbrella. Due to this disease the alveoli (air sacs in the lungs) present at the end of the terminal bronchioles of the lungs, get abnormally enlarged and the walls between them can break and large holes or empty spaces can form in the lungs (bullae), greatly impairing breathing.

Chronic bronchitis is often called as chronic cough and individuals suffering from this chronic cough for more than two consecutive years may get diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Those who have low level AAT protein may suffer from lung damage that is caused by other types of proteins called enzymes, which need to be balanced by the AAT protein. When these people with AAT deficiency protein get exposed to lung irritants or smoke frequently, they become more vulnerable to develop COPD.

These are the common causes of COPD, and sincere effort to eliminate these causes and promoting a healthy lifestyle may help to prevent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Natural treatments such salt therapy can also prevent COPD by providing a good hygiene over the whole respiratory system and improve breathing.

Posted on

Common Causes for Shortness of Breath

Feeling breathlessness due to stuffy nose is a common health problem for some of us. While there are multiple reasons behind this issue, we often get confused about finding the right reason causing this discomfort. Although in reality this breathlessness can happen due to multiple reasons, we mostly apprehend asthma as the universal trigger. As a result we fail to get relief if we try self-medication.

The most viable solution for finding the reason behind the problem of shortness of breath is consulting a doctor and to get a thorough medical investigation done. It is commonly observed that some other common reasons exist, which may cause respiratory problems. To be more precise, there are two mechanical processes involved in smooth breathing: one is ventilation and the other is respiration. Problem in any of these two processes may cause breathing problems. Let’s check here what may cause the irregularity.

Cause 1 of shortness of breath: shortage of air supply causes discomfort

When our body demands more air than usual supply it may cause shortness of breath. There are a few common reasons behind this problem. These are

  • Strenuous workout session,
  • Heart attack
  • Sudden shock creating panic,
  • Due to severe infection in body (sepsis)

The common similarity between all these triggers is due to some situation the body suffers from increased demand of oxygen or there is short supply of air. Supplemental oxygen may be one of the most effective remedies but sometimes unless the main reason is treated, patients suffering from shortness of breath cannot get complete relief.

Cause 2 of shortness of breath: inadequate airflow

The problem of inadequate air flow is usually caused due to certain health disorder.This may happen due to certain malfunctioning of organs involved in respiratory system or sometimes some disease may cause this unstable condition of airflow. Common diseases or conditions causing inadequate air supply,

  • Congestion problem like asthma or COPD
  • Swelling of the airways, like pneumonia, congestive heart failure (CHF).
  • Copd_versus_healthy_lung-300x253

In both cases immediate medical intervention will restore normalcy.

Cause 3 of shortness of breath: problem in carrying oxygen in bloodstream

Some unusual situations may occur where oxygen cannot reach from lungs to all parts of the body, especially in brain. Mainly two types of health disorders may cause breathing trouble like this unstable condition,

  • Poisoning due to carbon dioxide, which prevents RBC (red blood cells) to hold oxygen from carrying it to the body organs,
  • The problem of severe anemia creates lack of blood cells required to carry oxygen.

Cause 4 of Shortness of Breath: Lack of Oxygen in the Air

Sometimes lack of oxygen in air may cause acute shortness of breath. For instance, in higher altitude due to thinness in air at time it becomes difficult to get adequate supply of oxygen while breathing. Similarly in a confined space, due to inadequate or no supply of fresh air, causes breathing trouble for people staying in this no-oxygen zone.

These are the common reasons for respiratory discomfort. Right medication and medical intervention may ease the discomfort faster.

Posted on

Understanding and Fighting Hay Fever

Hay Fever known in medicine as allergic rhinitis, is an allergic inflammation of the nasal mucosa and nasal airways to pollens of any kind of plants, including those used to make hay. The symptoms are similar to those of a common cold or flu: stuffy nose, runny nose, sneezing, itchy and watery eyes, inflammation of the nasal passages, sinusitis, breathing difficulty, increased clear watery mucus.

Allergic rhinitis refers generally to an allergic reaction caused by any type of allergen, such us pollen, dust, air pollution, animal dander (shed skin and hair), chemicals, etc.   

 

Allergy - Hay Fever - Allergic Rhinitis

Individuals with a sensitive immune system react to these allergens once they are inhaled. The allergens trigger the production of antibody immunoglobulin E (IgE) in such individuals, this causing the release of histamines and other chemicals, resulting in the allergic symptoms described above.

Allergies are very common today and increasing each year. Heredity, developing itself in decrease immunity with each generation, and environmental pollution contribute to a predisposition to allergies. Western countries are more affected and the trend is growing.

Hay fever is usually caused by pollen of specific seasonal plants, most common in spring. However, it is not unusual to suffer from hay fever throughout the year. The pollen that causes hay fever varies by regions and between individuals. The most predominant pollen is the tiny, almost invisible pollen from plants that are pollinated by wind and not those pollinated by insects. Those pollinated by insects have large pollens which are not airborne being too heavy.  

In Japan, the most commonly allergic pollen comes from two native Japanese tree species, used in massive reforestation after the World War II, cryptomeria and Japanese cypress trees.  

In North America, the most common allergic pollen is ragweed, late summer and fall.

What is the treatment in hay fever?… How are allergies diagnosed?
The goal is to prevent and reduce the symptoms in hay fever or allergic rhinitis, as there is not a real understanding of the cause of allergic reaction in western medicine.

Avoiding the allergen is the most effective measure, if it can be applied. To control symptoms, doctors prescribe intranasal corticosteroids, associated or not with oral antihistamines and decongestants. Long term treatment with corticosteroids is not recommended due to the side-effects of prolonged steroid therapy.

Nasal irrigation with saline solution can also help to wipe-off the allergens and clear the nasal passages.

Desensitization to allergens, by immunotherapy or allergy shots, can have some results if it is given for one full year, but it is discontinued if there is no improvement after five years.

Desensitization and increased immunity of respiratory mucosa to allergen have been seen in prolonged aerosol salt therapy. Using home salt therapy on a daily basis, for 7-8 hours a day, for at least three years, greatly improves the respiratory immunity to infections and allergens.  

Complications
Nasal allergy
due to its chronic nature, can cause recurrent sinusitis, malformation of the nasal passages, nasal polyps, otitis media and hearing problems, orthodontic problems and there is a high risk in developing allergic asthma, as the sensitive area grows from the nasal passages to lower respiratory tract.

 

 

Posted on

Understanding Emphysema

Emphysema is a long-term, respiratory chronic disease. People with emphysema have breathing difficulty, especially with exhaling the air out of the lungs. The most common cause for emphysema is smoking. Quitting smoking reduces the progression of the disease. This is the most efficient emphysema treatment.

Curios about what you can find in a cigarette, beside trouble breathing?

cigarette content and emphysema

Emphysema is part of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

What happens in emphysema?

Emphysema is diagnosed when the sensitive walls of the air sacs in the lungs are destroyed and this is irreversible. This damage usually occurs because of the toxins in the cigarette smoke. The air becomes trapped in lung air pockets, enlarge the air sacs and breathing becomes more difficult. These air sacs may break, damage and form scar tissue. During a lung function test, a person with emphysema will show a far longer time in emptying lungs than a healthy person. He will feel an obstruction at exhalation. Emphysema is the main disease under the COPD umbrella, followed by chronic bronchitis.

Smoking is a major cause of emphysema but is not the only one. Another factor is also the deficiency of Alpha-1 antitrypsin found in about 3% of people suffering of emphysema. Second hand smoke, air pollution, factory fumes and silica dust are all causes of emphysema. Alpha-1 antitrypsin is a natural protein that circulates in the blood stream. Its main function is to keep the white cells from damaging normal tissue. A normal presence of alpha-1 antitrypsin enables the white cells to distinguish between normal tissue and invaders cells in infections.

What are the symptoms in emphysema?

There could be no symptoms for many years, but as disease progresses, shortness of breath (dyspnoea) may slowly develop. In early stages of emphysema, shortness of breath may be only present with physical effort. Later on it may be present at rest as well.  As the respiratory immunity is compromised, there are recurrent respiratory infections, pneumonia, chest infections, influenza and cold.

What is the treatment in emphysema?

Emphysema is not a curable disease. The main treatment is focused on managing the disease, slowing its progression and increasing the well-being of the patient. With proper treatment and changes in lifestyle, these are very achievable goals.

Quit smoking – smoking is the main cause and stopping smoking will help considerable to slow down progression.

Bronchodilators – relieve constriction in the air ways, breathing difficulty and coughing

Steroid sprays – help with shortness of breath and reduce inflammation. Side effects include weakened bones or osteoporosis, elevated blood pressure, weight gain, cataracts and diabetes. They must be used with caution!

Antibiotic therapy – recurrent chest infections require repetitive antibiotic treatments. These also have significant side effects and decrease respiratory immunity.

Natural therapies – breathing exercises, rehabilitation techniques and home salt therapy. These help in strengthening the lungs, clear the secretions and improve breathing. Home salt therapy is inspired by the seashore aerosol. The salt aerosol helps to clean the excess mucus production, reduces the inflammation and strengthens immunity. It increases blood oxygenation and fights bacterial, fungal and viral infections.  It reduces the recurring lung and chest infections and provides quicker recovery from pneumonia. Home salt therapy helps the body’s natural healing force to better fight emphysema and slows the progression of the disease.

Posted on

Understanding and Managing Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis, also known as mucoviscidosis is a genetic disorder where the autosomal recessive gene is affected. The disease affects the lungs, heart, pancreas, liver and intestines. It is characterized by abnormal transport of sodium and chloride through epithelium, making the secretions thick and viscous. Managing cystic fibrosis symptoms can be very difficult for most sufferers.

managing cystic fibrosis

The name refers to scarring (fibrosis) and cyst formation within the pancreas that was first documented in 1930s. Due to the abnormal secretions, lung infections are frequent and breathing difficulty is the most serious symptom. Other cystic fibrosis symptoms are: poor growth, enlarged heart, sinus infections, respiratory pulmonary diseases, digestive problems, infertility and abnormal pancreas function.

The first indication of cystic fibrosis are salty skin, poor growth and weight gain despite normal food intake.  Others are thick sticky mucus, frequent respiratory infections, persistent cough and shortness of breath.

Lung and sinus infections result from clogging because of the thick sticky mucus, reduce ciliary mobility and inflammation.

Inflammation and repeated infections cause structural changes in the lungs leading to many symptoms. In early stages, there is constant coughing, increase phlegm production and decrease resistance to effort and physical exercise. In later stages, when structural changes in the lungs and airways occur, there are breathing difficulties. There is a difficulty in getting enough oxygen to the blood (hypoxia). Coughing up blood, recurrent pneumonia, high blood pressure in the lungs, respiratory failure, heart failure, are other serious symptoms.

The para nasal passages and sinuses may also be affected due to the thick mucus. Sinus infections are common, together with their symptomatology: headache, facial pain, fever, nasal drainage. Nasal polyps are also very common to develop as a result of multiple sinus infections. Cardio-respiratory complications are the most cause of death in people with cystic fibrosis.

Life with Cystic Fibrosis

The lungs of persons with cystic fibrosis are infected and colonized with bacteria from an early age. These types of bacteria and their characteristics change and develop in time. They have a perfect environment in the thick viscous mucus and they develop resistance to commonly used antibiotics. More often these types of flourishing bacteria are spread between different individuals with cystic fibrosis. People with cystic fibrosis have to be aware of this danger and avoid spreading these dangerous strains of bacteria among other sufferers. In healthcare facilities, people with cystic fibrosis should be isolated from one another. Strict hygiene should be maintained to avoid spreading strains of bacteria among them.

Beside uncommon strains of bacteria, different types of fungi and/or yeasts can chronically colonized the airways. Some of them are found almost exclusively in patients with cystic fibrosis. Defective mucous-ciliary clearance favourites the growth of these colonies, together with prolonged antibiotic and corticosteroid therapies that also favourite their growth.

The respiratory complications can be reduced by using salt therapy. Hyper-tonic saline solution is used in hospitals to help in clearing the thick stagnant mucus and avoid infection. The long-term salt aerosol exposure in home salt therapy is very beneficial in managing cystic fibrosis. It provides exposure during the night sleep, when the salt micro-particles slowly deposit on the respiratory mucosa. It helps to make the thick mucus more fluid, unclogs the airways and reduces inflammation. Salt is known to have bactericide properties and helps in fighting infections, beside its mucolytic and anti inflammatory effect. Using a home salt therapy device will create a seashore micro-environment in your own house. It is very easy to use, natural and effective!

Posted on

Understanding and Treating COPD

Understanding and Treating COPD

COPD stands for "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" and if you have it you need to know that it cannot be cured,  but it can be managed and pretty well controlled. Having COPD should not keep you from having an enjoyable life.

COPD  symptoms include many debilitating symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough and poor lung function. Under its umbrella the term COPD includes other chronic respiratory diseases: emphysema and chronic bronchitis. In chronic bronchitis the lining of the breathing tubes become inflamed and lots of mucus is being produced and coughed up. With emphysema, the walls of the air sacs in the lungs are broken down and more air is trapped inside. Many people have both, chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

As we age, our lung function slowly declines each year, but for some people there is a rapid decline and this is happening especially in people who smoke cigarettes. Smoking is not the only important factor in COPD. Exposure to irritants and fumes, increased air pollution or dusty environment can also play an important role in developing COPD. Some people may also inherit a genetic predisposition in developing COPD.

How is COPD diagnosed

Early diagnosis and treatment makes a difference in managing COPD. At the beginning the only sign can be a dry cough or a mild breathing difficulty, that usually people attribute them to aging or being out of shape. Breathing difficulty is not a normal sign of aging and people should consult their doctor. As a result of ignoring symptoms, people with COPD are not being diagnosed until the disease is advanced. Early symptoms of COPD can be:

wheezing when exhale

shortness of breath or air hunger or heaviness while breathing

increased sputum or phlegm that is usually coughed up

persistent cough

– felling tired, fatigued or lacking energy

– trouble sleeping, restlessness or not rested in the morning

– needing for more pillows or sleeping in a chair to avoid shortness of breath

– swelling of the ankles due to low blood oxygenation

The goals in COPD treatment are:

  • relieving symptoms

  • slowing the progress of the disease

  • preventing and treating complications

  • and improving well-being

These will include some lifestyle changes. First step is to quit smoking and avoid lung irritants, second-hand smoke, fumes or toxic substances. Quitting smoking can be difficult, so you may consider joining a group, ask your family and friends to support you in your effort to quit.

You may have trouble eating enough due to the breathing difficulty and fatigue. You may need to follow a nutrition plan to get all the nutrients that you need. You may need to eat smaller and more frequent meals, rest before eating and supplement with vitamins and minerals.

You may find it hard to have physical activity but this can strengthen the muscles that help breathing and improve wellbeing.

Take care of the air you breathe! You can use air filters to filter the air for dust and other pollutants. Use a humidifier or dehumidifier, depending what is needed to keep normal level of humidity in the indoor air.   

Consider using home salt therapy that will help in cleaning your respiratory system and expel the sputum, reduce inflammation and help you breathe easier. The salt particles also help in cleaning the indoor air you breathe.

The usual medication in COPD includes:

  • Bronchodilators – help to relax the smooth muscles around airways and helps you to breathe easier. Depending on the severity of your COPD, this medication can be short-acting or long-acting. The short-acting bronchodilators are prescribed in mild COPD and use it only when symptoms occur.

  • Glucocorticosteroids (steroids) – help to reduce the inflammation in the respiratory system; usually they are prescribed together with a bronchodilator for a trial period of few months to check if the addition of steroid helps to relieve breathing problems.

In severe COPD, with low level of oxygen in the blood, oxygen therapy can help restore the oxygen level and improve over all condition.   

People with COPD are at higher risk for pneumonia and your doctor may suggest a pneumococcal vaccine. Home salt therapy is of great help here because the salt particles help in cleaning the mucus and have anti-bacterial properties; stagnant mucus or sputum / phlegm increase the risk in developing bacterial infection.

Pulmonary rehabilitation or rehab is program that helps you improve breathing and wellbeing, through physical and breathing exercises, disease management training and nutritional and psychological counselling. The program involves nurses, doctors, respiratory therapists, physical therapists and dietitians.